Considering Multipliers, Part 1
[The Wit and Wisdom of Dr. Leif–7]
Multipliers exploiting translinear loops, current-mirrors, current conveyors, and linear gm cells continue to be indispensable more than sixty years since the very first fully monolithic ICs were fabricated in 1967. In this futuristic tale, Drs. Newton Leif and Niku Chen discuss multiplier topologies, uses, and history. Leif also provides some hints as to how neurons, which are translinear, behave exactly like bipolar junction transistors.